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Following a number of meetings since Jun 2018 (ref Minutes 07 Jun 2019) including meetings with 
an Inner West Council Councillor, this project was proposed as a Joint-Venture with the Inner 
West Council of Sydney Australia on 18 Aug 2019

The Joint-Venture proposed to Council included participating in this submission to the European 
Commission "Blockchains for Social Good" Challenge

However the Joint-Venture proposal as yet has not appeared on the Agenda for a Council meeting 

As stated before, this Project is relevant to the following 3 out of 5 Prize Awards

2	Decentralisation and governance: improvements in transparency and accountability (while respecting
	privacy and/or anonymity) in comparison to existing centralised solutions, based on multidisciplinary
	considerations spanning technological (i.e. computing, programming, etc.), social (i.e. sociology,
	psychology, art, etc.) and economic (i.e. innovation, new economic models, etc.) sciences.

3	Usability and inclusiveness; i.e. whether the proposed solution is easy to use and affordable and can
	engage the largest part of EU citizens, irrespective of their gender, background, financial capabilities
	or computer skills. 

	This will include an assessment of both the user interfaces and the underlying principles.

5	European added value: clear added value of the demonstrated implementation for European citizens,
	in terms of novelty, effectiveness in comparison to existing centralised solutions, and other societal,
	economic or environmental aspects.

One way of illustrating how this Project applies for those aspects is to explain the 3 aspects of this
"Biogas Waste-to-Energy [W2E] Pilot project Joint-Venture:

	1	12-month Local Awareness/Education Program

	2	"Biogas Waste-to-Energy [W2E]" operation with input and output metrics

	3	Web development to record metrics and volunteer in-kind contributions

1	12-month Local Awareness Program

The 12-month Local Awareness Program is a series of monthly meetings around Petersham Park
to invite local people to a 1-hr seminar to understand how Biogas Waste-to-Energy  operations 
works and the need for the Local Community to handle waste more effectively

People would be invited to the monthly meetings by volunteers distributing flyers door-by-door and 
by word-of-mouth at the local Bowling Club, which is owned and operated by local Rate-payers, 

2	Biogas operation with input and output metrics

The first step is to purchase the components to establish a "Biogas Waste-to-Energy" operation

A key issue will be to have separate different types of Waste collection bins in Petersham Park

This is the current Waste Bin layout in Petersham Park while these are 4 different coloured well 
marked waste bins in the White Creek Valley Park in the same Inner West Council area !

At the moment there are five (5) red bins at the Petersham Park entrance in the upper Station 
Street that connects with Brighton Street

There used to be five (5) more red bins and five (5) blue bins at Grandstand with six (6) more red
bins paced around the Park

However at the week-ends the bins get filled, particularly if there is a long week-end holiday and 
the weather is warm

This often results in the dog-poo bags becoming strewn over the Park walkways which becomes a 
serious health hazard for the local children's playground, particularly in warm weather. 

Hence a key aspect of this 12-month project is to monitor daily what type of waste is collected 
from the proposed different bins

For example Italy, which has 9 waste containers, is the leader in Europe with a 76% recycling 
record compared with 43% in Britain and 37% as an average for Europe

The Italian system has different coded organic plastic bags with a booklet in each household 
of what can be sorted in each container: 

1	Paper - newspapers, boxes, pasta boxes and paper shopping bags
2	Compostable - kitchen scraps, napkins, paper-towels, dog-poo and other 
3	Glass bottles and containers
4	Plastic bottles
5	Light Plastic materials - glad-wrap, soft plastic
6	Aluminium foil, sweet wrappings and chocolate foil
7	Non-recyclable - toothpaste containers, baby diapers, plastic cutlery, sponges

The Italian recycle schedule can be viewed here 

Collecting and utilising each one of the recycle bins could provide work for the local community 
while the "Biogas Waste-to-Energy" operation would use the Compostables only

Hence it is proposed that the Inner West Council provides 4 different colour bins around the Park

The PPWC is very keen to work with the Inner West Council in the design of the bins which could 
be similar to thel can and bottle bins at Railway Stations or different colour bin such as

	1	Green - dog poo and organic waste

	2	Red - general garbage

	3	Blue - cardboard and paper

	4	Yellow - bottles, cans and plastics

3	Web development for Biogas W2E metrics and Volunteer contributions

A key issue will be to record accurately the waste collected by different type and to monitor the 
compostable waste that is converted into Methane (energy) and Fertiliser

According to P5 of the City of Yarra "Yarra Energy Foundation [YEF] "Closing the Poop Loop" 
proposal dated 11 Jan 2012 each dog produces 0.34kg of faeces a day which results in 
492,925 tonnes deposited annually in Australia

However there appear to be few detailed reports about the amounts of waste left in a Park as a 
yardstick for other Councils to use

Hence this project undertakes to produce On-line daily metrics of the amount of waste left in 
Petersham Park and how it can be recycled by different waste type

This requires a large number of volunteers to help manage this daily process

There have been a number of reports produced by Professor Duncan IRONSIDE to State 
Governments around Australia about the value of Volunteering 

His report to the Victorian Government in 2012 stated that in 2006 the value of a Volunteer 
hour was Au $ 24.09

In 2001 the OIC valued Volunteer time at Au$ 1 for 3 minutes or Au$ 20/hr

One Council that has been very active with Volunteers, Crypto-currencies and Blockchain is
Gladstone Regional Council in Queensland which is promoting Tourism by Bitcoin and other 

In Jun 2018 Agnes Waters Qld claimed that it was the 1st Crypto-currency town in Australia

Gladstone Regional Council has established a web-site for people who want to learn how to use 
Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technologies [DLT] and Crypto-currencies

This Joint-Venture with the Inner West Council is proposing to record the Volunteer contributions 
on a web-site as was first established by the XML Special Interest Group in 2000

	E	Key Emails

	E2	Sat 20 Apr 2019 Biogas Digester option for Refugee Sanitation Project

	R	References

	R4	2014-11-07 IBM "Blockchain" solution for the Diamond Industry Video

	R3	1997 Lessons from a Dozen Years of Group Support Systems Research - 4,000 IBM projects

	R2	Sir Evelyn de Rothschild - Director De Beers 1977-1994 & IBM UK 1972-1995

	R1	1987-04-23 RUBAC Automatic eProcess Synchronisation Video

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Project Minutes | Blockchain SIG | Blockchain TED Videos | IBM Blockchain for Diamond Ind | RUBAC Video | RUBAC Projects | Disclaimer | Copyright