"Sustainability Action Network [SAN] Community Behavioural Change [Cbh] - Index"

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e	Invite similar Council groups to present & exchange ideas

A	2008
1	22 Jul 2008	Sydney Council - Green Transformers Seminar

SEMINAR:	City Talks 2008 - Green Transformers

		Showcasing some of the revolutionary ideas developed 
		for the Sustainable Sydney 2030 project, speakers will 
		outline how using localised co-generation and tri-generation
		can power our city, heat and cool our buildings, and help 
		Sydney lower its greenhouse gas emissions.

DATE:		Tue 22 Jul 2008		TIME:	18:30 - 20:30

VENUE:		Theatre Royal		ATTENDANCE:	Over 1,000
		King Street
		SYDNEY   2000


	Master of Ceremonies

	Sydney Morning Herald

C	The Hon Clover MOORE MP
	Lord Mayor

D	The Hon Verity FIRTH MP
	Minister for the Environment and Climate Change



Sponsored by 

1 	City of Sydney
2 	NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change
3 	Sydney Morning Herald


The Theatre Royal was virtually at full capacity (1,133) for this City Talk


	SM was a very good master of ceremonies and introduced the topic 
	and speakers very well


	AO explained the SMH Sponsorship for these talks as part of the 
	Sustainable City 2030

C	The Hon Clover MOORE MP [CM] 

	CM outlined how this was a follow on from EarthHour 2008 and was
	very much a Moral issue with 80% of greenhouse gases being 
	derived from the production of Electricity by Powerstations

	CM outlined how decentralized electricity generation was a key part 
	of Greenhouse Gas emission reduction and how co-generation and 
	tri-generation of electricity can make considerable savings.

	CM explained that cities like Kula Lumpur, Woking and Helsinki were  
	Leading the way and Sydney could learn from them

D	The Hon Verity FIRTH MP [VF] 

	VF stated that the NSW Emissions Trading System (ETS) "will change 
	the way our economy operates and is the most significant economic 
	change in our generation.  

	Auction revenue for renewable energy will have a major impact on 
	the State Government financial independence and produce large 
	number of green collar jobs".


AJ (Biography) explained a variety of initiatives including

1	establishing 81 decentralised energy units for a population 100,000

2	using solar panels and factory air extractors to power street lights.

3	Setting up fuel cells to combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce water

4	establishing a private wire company for the distribution of electricity 
	to local households and taking Woking off the national Grid

5	75% of Greenhouse gases is from Electricity production hence why a 
	local decentralised co-generation and tri-generation electricity network
	was implemented for all Woking business and households

Allan JONES MBE Power Point Presentation 57 slides 8 MB

Extract 1 - 8 slides on Green Energy Supply strategy

Extract 2 - 8 slides Decentralised Energy System & Local Energy Internet

Extracts from web-page case study

2.	Summary

While world leaders continue to debate environmental issues on a global scale, 
a small borough council in leafy Surrey has been tackling global warming locally. 

Over the past 11 years Woking Borough Council has implemented a series of 
sustainable energy projects, including 

1	the UK's first small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) heating and
	 heat fired absorption cooling system,

2	 the first local authority private wire (direct supply to householders)
	residential CHP and renewable energy systems, 

3	the largest domestic integrated photovoltaic/CHP installations, 

4	the first local sustainable community energy system,

5	the first fuel cell CHP system and first public/private joint venture 
	Energy Services Company (ESCO). 

These have resulted in savings of nearly 4.9 million for the Council, and 
further savings for Householders and businesses in the Borough. 

Woking is recognised as the most energy efficient local authority in the UK, 
and in recognition of its pioneering energy services work the Council gained 
the Queen's Award for Enterprise: Sustainable Development 2001, the only
 local authority ever to be awarded a Queen's Award for Enterprise.

3. Key facts

Since the Council implemented its energy and environmental policies in 1990/91 
(the base year), it achieved it's target to reduce energy consumption by 40% 
in 10 years from 1991/92 to 2000/01. 

In 2002, the Council's energy efficiency policy was replaced by the Climate 
Change Strategy for Woking, not just for Council buildings and transport but 
for the Borough as a whole, shifting the focus from energy savings in kWh's 
to savings in tonnes of CO2 emissions as well as adapting to Climate Change. 

The key target from this is to achieve an 80% reduction in Woking's CO2 
equivalent emissions of it's 1990 level by 2090, in line with the Royal 
Commission on Environmental Pollution's targets.

4. Achievements (Data)

Summary achievements against target over 11 years from 1991/1992 to 2001/2002 
- energy and emissions savings from Council buildings and transport:

Energy Consumption saving		170,170,665 KWh		43.8% saving

Carbon Dioxide CO2 Emissions Savings	     96,588 tonnes	71.5% saving

Nitrogen Oxides NO Emissions Savings      	319 tonnes	68.0% saving

Sulphur Dioxide SO2 Emissions Savings		977 tonnes	73.4% saving

Water Consumption Savings		340,011,000 litres	43.8% saving

Savings in Energy and Water Budgets	  4,889,501 BPS		34.3% saving

5. Potential for replication

To get a rough estimate of the potential impact in the South East region 
if all Local Authorities introduced similar measures to Woking, households
have been used as a proxy. 

Woking has 40,027 households compared to a total of 3,388,838 households 
in the rest of the region (2002 ACORN figures), giving a multiplication
factor of 84.7 to arrive at regional estimates.


Energy Consumption saving		170,170,665 KWh		   14,414 GWh	

Carbon Dioxide CO2 Emissions Savings	     96,588 tonnes	8,181,000 tonnes

Nitrogen Oxides NO Emissions Savings      	319 tonnes	  27,000 tonnes

Sulphur Dioxide SO2 Emissions Savings		977 tonnes	  82,700 tonnes

Water Consumption Savings		340,011,000 litres	28,799,000 ml

Savings in Energy and Water Budgets	  4,889,501 BPS		414,141,000 BPS

6. Opportunities and barriers 

Woking regards climate change as a reality that cannot be ignored, and 
sees local authorities having a key role to play in setting ambitious but 
achievable targets. 

The various national and international targets that have been set are all 
likely to be inadequate, and if strong action is not taken to reduce 
greenhouse gases over the next 30 years there will be an irreversible 
effect on the global climate. 

Already weather patterns have become more extreme with high winds, floods 
and high temperatures affecting Woking and many other parts of the UK, and 
there has been a blurring of seasonal changes in recent years. 

The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution has predicted that the
target reduction in greenhouse gases, expressed as CO2 equivalent emissions, 
should be 60% by 2050 and 80% by 2100. 

These targets have been adopted by Woking's Climate Change Strategy.

Having been pioneers in this field it is now possible for others to learn 
from Woking's experience. 

For example the outcome of a decade of innovative work was the formation
of an Energy and Environmental Services Company called Thameswey Ltd to 
take forward the work. 

The key concept of this is the provision of energy services (i.e heating, 
cooling, lighting and power etc) rather than just electricity or gas. 

Thameswey is wholly owned by Woking Borough Council and it works by 
entering into public/private joint ventures to deliver energy and other 
environmental strategies and targets. 

Although green electricity tends to be more expensive than conventional
'brown' energy, Thameswey can be competitive by the sale of heating,
cooling and electricity directly to the customer. 

Locally supplied combined heat and power (CHP) can provide efficiencies 
of up to 90%, in comparison with the central power stations/national grid 
system which can be as little as 22% efficient at the point of use due
to thermal energy wasted at power stations and losses in the grid. 

Although Woking has avoided incurring penalty costs by utilising private 
wire networks and a local trading system, the existing regulatory regime 
limits the size of the local sustainable energy system and also the number
of domestic customers that can be supplied with low cost green energy. 

This in turn limits the number of fuel poor households which could be
provided with affordable energy. 

Locally embedded generation could supply all of the country's energy 
needs, and Woking argues that what is needed is a progressive move 
towards this goal. 

A key easy step for the government would be to increase the supply limits 
for local exempt suppliers to supply more customers, particularly domestic 
customers, with local sustainable and renewable energy.

F	Bruce TAPER [BP]

BP explained some of the projects that Sydney was considering

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Revised: S: 13:57 Sat 2004/10/23 Syd 2065
F: 14:17 Sat 2004/10/23 Syd 2065
Who: aer
Authorised: sgg
Created: 11:00 Sat 2004/10/23 Syd 2065
By: kmb
Revision: 3a4h1.002
Original Page: 3a4h
Change date: